Jean Crommelin (1603 - 1659)
Jean Crommelinck - Jean was born on March 19, 1603 as the fifth child of his parents, Jean Crommelinck and Marie de Semeries. At age 20 and living in Castelet, he married Rachel Tacquelet, age 14 years, the only daughter of Guillaume Tacquelet and Marie Maucroix. During 27 years they had fifteen children of whom only three survived in 1712. Below are the birth dates and the names of those children.
The first one; Louis, born December 2, 1625;
The second one; Marie, born March 5, 1627;
The third one; a daughter, born July 28, 1628, lived barely an hour;
The fourth one; Abraham, born August 22, 1629;
The fifth one; Catharine, born June 20, 1632;
The sixth one; Rachel, born July 21, 1634;
The seventh one; Anne, born September 7, 1636;
The eighth one; Jean, born January 16, 1639;
The ninth one; Isaac, born November 28, 1640;
The tenth one; Jacob, born May 26, 1642, The day of the battle of Honnecourt;
[Jacob was the one who completed a genealogical account of the Crommelin family on his 70th birthday, 1712]
The eleventh one; Isaac, born February 2, 1644;
The twelfth one; Guillaume, born April 25, 1645;
The thirteenth one; Daniel, born February 28, 1647;
The fourteenth one; Esther, born June 3, 1648;
The fifteenth one; Madeleine, born June 10, 1652.
The father of the above children died at home on June 4, 1659 and the mother died in Paris, in the arms of her daughter Catherine and son Jacob on August 10, 1686, at the age of 77 years. She was interred in the cemetery of the church of Saint-Sulpice, under persecution.
* Louis married Marie Mettayer, daughter of Jean Mettayer and sister of the father of Samuel Mettayer, in 1648 or 1649, who were both ministers of the Church of Le Haucourt. From his birth until the end, he was the favorite son in his father’s home. He died of a hernia on November 10, 1669 at the age of 44. He left eight children; Rachel, Anne, Catherine, Samuel, Marie, Jeanne, Samuel-Louis and Guilliaume (William).
** Rachel married Robert Lallemand of Valenciennes in 1670, from where his father was hired by Monseigneur Colbert to establish the fabrication of baracan at Ferré-au-Col, which did not succeed because of the poor condition of Robert who had to withdraw to Spain because of his debts. His wife died childless at her mother’s place in Saint Quentin.
** Anne married Isaac Cousin of Meaux. They moved to Paris until the revocation of the Edit of Nantes and fled to Holland because of religion, and from there to Lisburn, Ireland, having no children at all.
** Catherine married Jérémie Bourgeat of Vitry in Campagne. While living in Paris they made a large fortune. She died there and left two daughters and two sons, the eldest married M. Ducandal and they had no children. The eldest boy married the eldest daughter of André Crommelin who is mentioned hereafter.
Correspondence believed to be from Samuel-Louis before he fled Saint Quentin following
the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685.
Click to enlarge.
Source: Archives, the department of Aisne, France]
Samuel-Louis Crommelin (1652-1727)
("Louis of Lisburn")
** Samuel-Louis married his first cousin Anne Crommelin, who was mentioned, previously.
Their daughter married M. De Bernière, gentleman from around Alençon and their son died in
July 1711 at Lisburn where they lived, at the age of 28 or 30 years.
THE DE BERNIÈRE FAMILY
Captain Jean Antoine De
Bernière was the only son of Jean De Bernière of Alençon, who
escaped after the Revocation to Holland, where he joined the
army of William of Orange, leaving behind his father and two
sisters, who inherited the estate. He served in Ireland and
later in Spain, where he lost his left hand at the Battle of
Almanza in 1707. He married Mary Magdeline, the daughter of
Louis Crommelin. They had three children, Mary Ann, Madeliene
and a son, Louis Crommelin Bernière , born in 1713. His mother
died a few days after he was born (aged twenty four years) and
is buried in the Crommelin grave in Lisburn Cathedral
graveyard. In 1726 Captain De Berniere made his will leaving
his money to his son Louis and his goods and chattels to his
In 1739 Louis Bernière married Elinor Donlevy, sister-in-law
of the Bishop of Dromore, Louis was also a soldier and
saw service in Canada and Senegal where he
became ill and was sent home on furlough. He never reached
Lisburn, dying at sea in 1762. His wife had died previously in
1759 and their children were taken by relatives to be brought
up. The elder son, John Anthony De Bernière born in Lisburn in
1744, was sent to his aunt, the wife of Bishop Marlay, and
eventually entered the army. The younger son went to Dublin,
to the home of Paul Mangin, and in time he also became a
soldier, serving in America and France and rising to the rank
of Brigadier. He died in France, leaving one son and two
daughters. His son John Henry De Bernière was born in
Rochester, Kent in 1801, but died in Verdun, one of Napoleon's
internment camps, in 1809.
The elder son of Louis De
Bernière, John Anthony, married Ann Jones, while stationed in
Rostrevor. He saw service in America, rose to the rank of
Colonel, then emigrated to America, where his descendants
still live, although the name De Bernière has died out. An
interesting detail is that Louise De Bernière, eldest daughter
of John Anthony; corresponded with Mary Ann Clark (the
mistress of the Duke of York). She married into the Du Maurièr
family; also of Huguenot descent, and was the great
grandmother of Daphne Du Maurièr.
** Marie-Madeleine first married Isaac Testart of Blois, settled in London after his
and the death of their children. She married Nicolas de la Cherois the elder, captain and major
of the De Marton regiment, to whom she left a boy and a girl at childbirth. The boy lived and
did not marry. The girl married her first cousin Daniel Crommelin, son of Samuel Louis,
** Jeanne married Abraham Gillot of Alençon where they lived until the recall of the Edict of Nantes. Afterwards they fled to Amsterdam and from there to Lisburn where they married off their eldest daughter to the son of Samuel Louis.
THE GUILLOT / GILLOT FAMILY
There are varied spellings of this name
and even Jellet is thought to be connected. In his article on
the French settlers in Lisburn, Dr Purdon states that the
Guillots were naval officers in the French navy at the
Revocation and escaped to Holland to join the Dutch navy.
However, it seems that some Guillots came to Ireland earlier
as in 1656 Abraham Guillot is in the denization list. Jacob
Guillot came from Bergerac and in 1701 was a pastor of the
non-conformist congregation in Dublin. In 1711 two of his
daughters married sons of Samuel Crommelin and the baptism of
their children is in Charles Lavalade's list. The Guillots
seem to have settled in Lisburn and Cork. On the Huguenot
graves in Lisburn Cathedral graveyard are several notices:
Here are interred the body of Abraham Guillot who died 8 July
aged 55 years; Ann Gillet, wife of Samuel Lewis Crommelin who
died 30 August 1718 aged 30 years; Gillet their son died 2
December 1715, aged 2 years and Jane their daughter who died
31 January 1718 aged 5 months.
There are Gillots now
living in Belfast. During the period of the famine they went
to the south of Ireland looking for work and not finding any,
went to Preston in Lancashire, where they found work in the
weaving town. There are still Gillots in Preston. In the
parochial visitation of 1824 Rev. William Gillet lived in Bow
Street, Lisburn and was curate of Ballinderry.
** Samuel married Anne Truffet of Laon, daughter of Daniel Truffet and Judith Coullcette. They lived in the family home in Saint Quentin until the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, after which they fled to Amsterdam where they died having left four boys of whom the two eldest married their first cousins as mentioned above.
Samuel, widower, followed his brother Samuel-Louis to Ireland and settled in Lisburn, in the manufacturing of linen which they set up there. For the second time he married Miss De Belcastel, sister of lieutenant general Belcastel, who got killed in the battle of……
** Guillaume: He became a widower and had one daughter. He remained single in Ireland.
* Marie, daughter of Rachel Tacquelet, married Daniel De La Chambre of Haarlem. They lived at Chauny for several years, then in Rouen where she died in her sleep in 1660. She left five children: Jean, Daniel, François, Marie and Anne. Their father died in Haarlem.
** Jean settled in London and there he married a daughter of M. Laurent. He had four children from that marriage of whom two remained.
** Daniel died as a bachelor in Ireland where his father paid him a pension.
** François remained a bachelor and did business in London. Marie married M. De Vasouy, gentleman of Normandy, widower for the second time and died at his first child’s place.
** Anne died young at the age of 18 or 20 years.
* Abraham, son of Rachel Tacquelet, married Marie Boileau, widow of one M. Guenault.
They lived in Paris for four or five years, then they settled in Saint-Quentin where he died as
linen merchant in 1673. He left four children: Jean, Angélique, Susanne and Marie.
** Jean married Jeanne Desavenelle of Péronne, who left him a boy and a girl while being
pregnant. For the second time he married Elisabeth Langevin of Amiens, with whom he had several
children. They lived in Charville, doing poor business.
(Marie Angelique Crommelin (1659-1710), who married Daniel de la Cherois in 1699.)
*** Marie Angelique de la Cherois (1700-1771)
THE DE LA CHEROIS FAMILY
A family tradition is that in 1641
Captain Samuel De La Cherois13
married an heiress from Languedoc and their children Nicholas,
Daniel, Boisjonval, Judith and Louisa, eventually came to
Ireland. By 1685, the year of the Revocation, they were living
in Ham in Picardy, where they owned land and other property,
as did many Huguenots. Professor Murray called the Huguenots
the French puritans, but C.E.Lart, of Huguenot descent, who
had studied the genealogy, contradicts this theory, by saying
that they may have been puritanical in their religion, but in
their social behaviour they never lost their sense of
The De La Cherois family did not come to Lisburn
together. The first to arrive was Daniel, who had stayed in
Ham at first with his father whilst Nicholas and Boisjonval
served in the army of Louis XIV, but after the Revocation he
escaped from France to Holland and joined the army of William
of Orange, becoming a Lieutenant in the Comte de Manton's
Regiment (afterwards Lord Lifford's), and came to England.
Marie Angelique de la Cherois (1700-1771)
(daughter of Daniel de la Cherois and Marie Angelique Crommelin)
Click to enlarge.
In 1699 he married Marie Angelique, a cousin of Louis Crommelin in
London and probably joined the Lisburn colony after
that. Being an astute business man he spent much of his time
acquiring property. When the fire of Lisburn broke out in 1707
he was living in Castle Street and his house being destroyed,
he was invited to join the Brownlow family at Lurgan, who were
busy developing the linen trade there. However, he rebuilt his
house in Lisburn on the site of the old one, and returned
there after its completion. It is thought that the majority of
the townspeople also built on the same site as their old
houses, probably because they held the lease for the
Daniel De La Cherois died in 1732, leaving his
estate to his only child Angélique [pictured above], with some bequests to the
French Church and to cousins. The other two brothers came with
the invading army and took part in the Irish Campaign, serving
in Colonel Du Cambon's Regiment. Only Nicholas went back to
Nicholas De La Cherois received a commission in the French
army in 1675; a description on his passport, issued in 1686
says he is "aged about 35 years, with chestnut coloured hair".
It is believed he used this passport as a means of escape from
France, through Liége in the same year, going into
During the winter of 1689, after the debacle
of Dundalk, the brothers Nicholas and Boisjonval were
stationed in Lisburn from where they were sent on forays to
Carlingford, Sligo and the besieged Charlemont. Captain
Nicholas De La Cherois fought at the Boyne and during the rest
of the Irish Campaign, only returning to Lisburn after Daniel
had settled there, probably after 1699. Then he joined Daniel
in the linen industry, also living in Castle Street. He
married Mary Madeleine, a sister of Louis Crommelin and they
had two children. He died accidentally in 1724 after being
sent poison in mistake for medicine by an
Boisjonval, the youngest brother, also
wintered in Lisburn, but during the spring of 1690, while out
on reconnaissance, was ambushed near Dungannon and
The next generation was represented by Samuel
and his sister Madeleine. Samuel De La Cherois married Sarah
Cormière, another Huguenot. They had three sons and lived at
Hilden, later moving to Donaghadee. Samuel adopted the name
Crommelin. Their third son Samuel carried on the name through
his son Nicholas who built Carrowdore Castle.
Nicholas de la Cherois (1736-1829)
Click to enlarge.
He is buried in
the De La Cherois tomb there, just outside the east end of the
church. His sister Anne was the mother of Dr Charles Nicholas
De La Cherois Purdon, who wrote the family history in the
Ulster Journal of Archaeology in 1853.
The line now
continues through the distaff side and in churches attended by
the De La Cheroes family are memorial plaques bearing the
names of sons who did not attain the inheritance. In 1811
Nicholas De La Cherois, an ensign in the 47th Regiment of the
Line, was killed during the Napoleonic wars at the Battle of
Barross, aged 22 years. In 1859 Lieutenant Louis De La
Cherois, RN, died in the Crimean War and in the next
generation in 1905, Philip Alexander Vaughan De La Cherois,
who was born in Donaghadee, died of fever in Africa, while
serving as a District Officer. On the wall of the church at
Carrowdore there is another memorial, put there by Samuel
Arthur Hall De La Cherois Crommelin in memory of his two sons,
Louis and Arthur Claud.
* Catherine, daughter of Rachel Tacquelet, first married François de Coninck of Antwerp
in Rouen on 10 May 1654 to whom she left four children at his death in Rouen in 1662:
Catherine, François, Frederick and Jean.
She remarried Robert Oursel of Havre, several years later, to whom she left three daughters
at her death: Marie and Rachel who lived there and Esther who lived in Amsterdam.
** Catherine married Jean Camin of Rouen, where they lived until the recall of the Edict of Nantes, then fled to the city of Rotterdam. She left him at her death, two boys and two girls. The eldest boy was captain in the…… regiment, in the service of the queen of Grand-Bretagne. The second son, called Abraham lived near his mother in Amsterdam where she had a business since the death of her husband. Her eldest daughter Marie was also in Amsterdam and her younger daughter, called, Catherine, married An. Fréd. Pigon of London where they lived.
** François died in his boyhood in Rouen, while in a lawsuit with his father-in-law, about a claim on the estate of his father, which strongly advanced the death of his mother.
** Fréderick married Marie Camin, daughter of Louis Camin of Abbeville, in England. She left
France in 1686. Fréderick lived in Schiedam and had a tannery there. His wife took a house and
shop in Amsterdam with three girls: Marie, Catherine and Esther. Besides three daughters they
had two boys, called Jean and François.
** Jean married Marte Duval in Rouen with whom he fled as religious refugees to London.
She died there several years later and left him two daughters, Catherine and Marie, who
settled in Amsterdam. While travelling to Rotterdam for business he drowned on the way to
his brother-in-law, Jean Camin, where he stayed.
** Marie Oursel did not want to get married, having refused one of the most advantageous
partners, researched for her merit, the sky having endowed her of a superior mind, proves her
conduct by her letters.
** Esther moved to Holland because of her religion. She settled in Amsterdam where she married
Philippe Meusnier who lived there and she had no children.
** Rachel remained single at Havre, near her sister Marie.
* Rachel, a daughter of Rachel Tacquelet, married Pierre Testard, merchant in Saint-Quentin,
in 1656. He was the widow of Therine Bossu who left him three daughters, Marie, Elisabeth and
Anne. Rachel died during childbirth of a boy, her eighth child - removed from her womb by force
and having bled to death. On the day of her death on the first day of 1669, she left seven
children: Rachel, Ciprien, Marie, Madelaine, Pierre, Jean, Angélique and Susanne.
Testard remarried in 1672, for the third time, Anne Baulier, widow of Isaac Liévrad, without
children. With her he had six children; Charles, Marianne, Jean-Etienne, Henriette, Louis and
Samuel. The latter two were stillborn.
[The following are the children of Rachel Crommelin and Pierre Testard:]
** Rachel Testart married her first cousin Pierre le Febure, merchant at Rouen, in 1677.
One of their children, Rachel, married Pierre de Joncourt, merchant at Saint-Quentin in 1672.
They had several children, sons and daughters.
** After he left France in 1685, fleeing persecution, Ciprien Testard and his wife settled
at Saint-Quentin in the business firm of his father. He lost his sight in 1702 and married
Marianne de Van Loresse at the end of 1703. They had no children.
** Marie-Madelaine married Jean Benezet in 1681 and they lived in Abbeville where he was
tax receiver until 1687 when they came to live at Saint-Quentin, where he became director.
She died in her sleep and left him seven children; Jeanne-Etienne, Jaques, Jean, Ciprien,
Madeleine, Melcher and Pierre. The elder married ... Delamejanelle: with whom he had children,
while his father was still alive. Jean Benezet died suddenly in August 1710 at Abbeville where
he had returned after the death of his wife. He was receiver of taxes and tobacco.
** Pierre left France with his elder son and settled, first in Haarlem where he married
Judith Brousard and then he moved to Amsterdam where she died without children in November of
1708. He remarried Gertrude Slecher, with whom he had a boy and a girl.
** Jean left France with his father. He boarded an expedition, commissioned by M. the
marquis Duquesne (with consent of the state) in Amsterdam with several young boys of diverse
descent to take possession of the island Rodrigue. He lived there with his friends for two
years, after which time, realizing being abandoned and without any news, they built a barge as
best as they could in which they miraculously landed at the Island of Maurice, where the
governor Dodatie treated them with unspeakable cruelty, wanting to let them perish of hunger
and misery on a rock. There the poor Jean Testart, realizing that he was dying and wanting to
rescue himself to the island, half way from the rock, sailed quickly back to the island in a
sort of a boat which he had built on the insistence of his friends and he died on the island
in a way nobody ever heard of.
** Angélique died young at Saint-Quentin at the home of her father.
** Susanne married Daniel Roberthon in 1686. They left France because of their religion.
They lived in Amsterdam where he died young. He left her a boy and a girl.
[The following are the children of Pierre Testard and Anne Baulier (his third wife):]
** Charles Testart remained single and lived in Haarlem.
** Marianne Testart, widow of François Ribot, sailed to London on the way to Rotterdam. For
the second time she married M. De Rapin. They had several children and lived at Wésel.
** Henriette married M. Paul Bennette the elder, merchant in Amsterdam. She left him a boy and a girl when she died young.
** Jean Estienne stayed single. He went to the island of Jamaica in the service of M. Galdy
* Anne: the daughter of Rachel Tacquelet, died at the age of four or five years.
* Jean, the son of Rachel Tacquelet, destined by his father to replace him and position in
his business, died in 1662, in his 24th year in Rouen, in the arms of his mother.
* Isaac: the son of Rachel Tacquelet, died in his childhood at the age of 3 or 4 years.
* Jacob, the son of Rachel Tacquelet, destined for the government, went to Rouen with his
mother in 1653. He was placed in the university of Queville where he studied for two years and
some months. He left there, on advice of his father-in-law, François De Coninck, who took him
and his wife with him to Holland, where he wanted to settle. That did not work out because of
the small submission to his teachers. Moreover, since his father died in 1659, he returned to
France, close to his mother and his brother Louis, at the beginning of 1660. He lived with his
brother for about two and one half years and then he moved in with his mother who gave her
business to him for his marriage to Elisabeth Testart on the 16th of September in 1663. They
had the following eight children in the course of ten and one half years that they lived there:
[Jacob was the one who completed a genealogical account of the Crommelin family on his 70th birthday, 1712]
The first one: a daughter, called Camille, born on July 26, 1664.
The second one: a son, called Ciprien, born on March 9, 1666.
The third one: a son, called Jacob, born on December 24, 1667.
The fourth one: a daughter, called Elisabeth, born on December 5, 1668, who died a quarter
of an hour later.
The fifth one: a daughter, called Elisabeth-Catherine, born on June 8, 1670.
The sixth one: a son, called Daniel, born on June 23, 1671.
The seventh one: a daughter, called Marianne, born on August 30, 1672.
The eighth one: a daughter, called Madelaine, born on January 1, 1674.
The ninth one: a son, called François, born August 1, 1675.
The tenth one: a daughter, called Catherine, born in Paris on July 1, 1677.
The eleventh one: a daughter, called Susanne-Marie, born in Paris on September 30, 1677.
The twelfth one: a son, called Jean-Baptiste, was born in Paris on June 24, 1685.
The mother of these children left France with the five girls and a servant at the end of 1685, to flee the persecutions and to have themselves miraculously rescued by the “La Rochelle” and disembarked in England where she stayed for several months. Then she went to Holland with her daughter Babet, near her father, her mother-in-law, her brothers and sisters of the second and third marriage, having left the four youngest daughters with four of their parents. After the above flight and having lost contact with the father for twelve years that he lived in Paris and about fifty thousand refugees went back to Saint-Quentin in 1686, he took up the linen business again and by the blessing of the Lord, but for the love of his children he made enough money to fund the marriage of five daughters and a son as follows below, and having enough to live on at their leisure in Holland where God led them by the hand in 1708, he picked up the thread.
** Camille Crommelin married Daniel Jannot, to whom she left two daughters: Elisabeth and Suzanne on March 28, 1691, in Saint-Quentin towards the end of 1688. She died on that day during childbirth of a boy whose birth was forced and stillborn, having died during his mother’s difficult birth, which caused her to suffer severely.
** Ciprien left France in 1680 at age 14 and went to Holland from where he went to Ceylon as
assistant, six years later where, having worked seven years of his employ and fulfilled his
duty with satisfaction of his superiors, he was promoted to the job of bookkeeper at the
counter of Colombo. He was honoured with two other honourable duties with a good contribution.
But God had other plans, having him removed from the world in 1695 at age 29, despite his
** Jacob left France in 1685, went to Holland and shortly there after to London where he stayed
for a little over one year. Then, wanting to see Italy he went to Venice from where he returned
to London and then joined his father in Saint-Quentin. However, realizing that he was persecuted
because of his religion, he fled for the second time to Holland where he went as commander on a
ship to Batavia where he lived for eight years, partially in the service of the Compagnie and
partially working for himself. He went back to Europe in 1700 and after three years of business
in Amsterdam he married his first cousin Esther Torin in 1704 with whom he had no children, nor was there any
hope they could have any.
** Elisabeth-Catherine married André Le Cointe, a native of Elbeuf, in 1698, established in
Leiden in the manufacture of cloth. He left a daughter called Elisabeth-Catherine.
** Daniel, as noted in letters, gave considerable hope of success with his studies until age 19 or 20 but
having gone to England, after the death of his grandfather Testart in November 1693. Having
gone to M. Vermon in the country as predecessor of his son, (where he stayed only 3 or 4 years)
was it not possible for his father, nor his relatives to get him involved in any profession,
becoming too lazy and idle until he spent the best part of his life in Ireland where he
** Marianne married Jacques Courtonne of Alençon in .... He settled in London and was widowed
with no children. They only had one daughter, called Elisabeth.
** Madelaine married her first cousin Isaac Torin in 1705 with whom she was very happy.
There was nothing missing in their happiness.
** François died at the age of five, due to neglect of a servant.
** Catherine married Elie Blaquière of Sourèze in Languedoc, in 1700. He fled to The Hague
because of religion, where he settled and associated with André Pichot and after his death with
his brother Daniel from whom he separated at the end of the term of their contract. He was the
only one honoured out of several competitors, by the magistrate of the The Hague party of
citizens of the green flag of which he was the first captain. Their children were Jean-Pierre,
Esther, Elie, Pierre and Susanne.
In 1685 Jean de Blacquière
arrived in England from Limousin and married Marie de
Varrenennes, the daughter of a refugee. One of their sons
became a London merchant and another joined the colony in
Lisburn, where his sister married John Crommelin, a nephew of
Louis Crommelin. Their fifth child, John, had a distinguished
career, at first in the army where he rose to the rank of
Lieutenant Colonel in the 17th Light Dragoons, then became
Secretary to the British Legation in Paris. He was created a
baronet in 1784 and eventually became Lord Blacquière of
Ardkill. The family moved to Dublin.
** Susanne-Marie married Oliver Domergue of Saint-Ambroix des Cévennes, in April 1703. He
moved to Leipzig and had no children.
** Jean-Baptiste died in Saint-Quentin on October 13, 1686.
* Isaac, the son of Rachel Tacquelet died young.
(1647 - 1725)
* Daniel, the son of Rachel Tacquelet, was born 28 February 1647 in St. Quentin and there, (at Lehaucourt) on 28 October 1674, married Anne Testart. At that time he was a banker established
in Paris where his son, Charles, was born and baptized at Charenton (Paris). His younger son, Isaac, was born at Saint Quentin. Anne Testart had attracted Daniel to Paris in the hope that a partnership with her brother,
Jacob, would make their company more advantageous. However this arrangement broke down within
eight months and Daniel (who stayed in Paris until 1680) was persuaded by Nicolas van Horn
to get interested in the delivery of a number of Negroes to Spanish America. This was a grave
miscalculation. He risked their life savings in the venture, but due to the evil nature of van Horn,
he was lucky to disembark at Cadiz, Spain from where he went back to England.
[From the affidavits of some Van Hoorn's men taken at Jamaica in March 3, 1683 (old style): "...and then went for Cadiz, which was about Christmas, where Captain Vanhorn put on shore 36 of his men without wages. There he pretended to get a licence to trade in America but could not, and then turned two of his merchants ashore..." [Public Record Office, CO 1/51 no 43i]
From what I read on your web site, I suppose that your ancestor was one of these merchants. And from other sources, I found that in this slave venture, Van Hoorn was associate to the French governor of Cayenne (Lefebvre de La Barre) and an unnamed Parisian merchant who promised to Van Hoorn that he could obtain for him a licence to trade slaves in Spanish colonies. But this unknown merchant, once in Cadiz, was unable to obtain the said licence.
Sincerely, Raynald Laprise
In England he acquired
several farms over a period of ten or twelve years until he finally embarked in London with his
elder son, Charles, and his two nephews, Delachambre and Oursel, to do business in Jamaica. Immediately the
nephews contracted a contagious disease and died a few days after their arrival. He and his son
escaped from it and moved to New York about 1696 where his wife followed him with his youngest
son, Isaac. Isaac and his mother died there in 1702 or 1703. In 1706 Daniel married off his son, Charles,
advantageously to an only girl (Anne Sinclair) with whom he had some children.
[See Daniel in America] Daniel died at
New York in 1725. He is Buried at Trinity Churchyard, New York City.
Charles Crommelin (1676 - 1740 )
** Charles, the son of Daniel Crommelin and Anne Testart was born about 1 January 1676 in
Charenton, France. [Note: One of the provisions of the Edict of Nantes (1598) allowed Protestants
to worship in two cities in every bailiwick of the kingdom, but not within five leagues of Paris.
Later, King Henry IV transgressed his own Edict by allowing the Parisian Huguenots to build a
great church at Charenton, nearer to the city than the statutory five leagues.] After doing some work on his father's farms in England, he accompanied his
father, Daniel, and two cousins, Delachambre and Oursel, to Jamaica on a failed business venture which saw the death of
his cousins. He and his father subsequently moved to the United States about 1696 where his
parents were reunited. Charles then became a merchant and pioneer copper miner in Connecticut. On 7 November 1706, in New York, he
married Anne Sinclair and they became the parents of eight children. Anne Sinclair was the
daughter of Robert Sinclair (and a grandaughter of Lord Orkney) who was of Scottish origins
and a descendant of James V, King of Scots. Her mother was Maryken/Maria Duyckinck, who
belonged to one of the first Dutch families to settle in North America. Anne Sinclair's portrait
was destroyed in the 1911 fire at "de Lathmer" along with numerous other family portraits.
Portraits of Charles and Anne Crommelin-Sinclair, his wife.
These photos were taken before the portraits were destroyed in the Lathmer fire of 1911.
Click for rear info. Click for rear info.
- A daughter, Marie Crommelin, born 17 July 1711, married Guillaume (or Gulian) Verplanck in September, 1737.
They had a son, Samuel Verplanck, born 19 September 1739. This grandson of Charles subsequently married a
grandaughter of Charles, Judith Crommelin. Judith, the daughter of Daniel Crommelin,
appears as the oldest girl in the portrait of Daniel's family. These marriages established the
strong ties between the Crommelin and Verplanck families in early America. The
Crommelin-Verplanck story is picked up on the
Crommelin-Verplanck Connection. Charles died 9 May 1740 at New York.
He is buried at Trinity Churchyard, New York City. His church affiliation was Dutch
- The children of Charles Crommelin and Anne Sinclair were:
*** Daniel, born 11 November 1707 in New York,
died in Amsterdam, 18 January 1788. (He was the founder of the trading company, Daniel
Crommelin & Sons).
*** Marie, born 5 November 1709, died November 1710.
*** Marie, born 17 July 1711 mentioned above.
*** Anne, born 6 July 1714, died 27 January 1715.
*** Elisabeth, born 6 July 1716.
*** Robert, born 13 February 1718.
*** Anne, born 16 December, 1719.
*** Charles, born 22 August, 1722.
* Esther, daughter of Rachel Tacquelet, married Jean Torin, merchant in Rouen, in 1665. He
left him Esther, Isaac and Abraham Torin at her death. She took Pierre Duchemin of Rotterdam in
marriage the second time to whom; being Dutch, she fled the persecution in France in 1685 and
lived in Rotterdam for about five years. He became doctor several years after their return and
he practiced that profession with much success, adding to that science, that of pharmaceutics
in which he was involved since early on.
** Esther Torin married her first cousin Jacob Crommelin in 1704 as was mentioned earlier.
** Isaac Torin married his first cousin Madeleine Crommelin in 1705.
** Abraham Torin died young at age 24, in Rotterdam while studying medicine.
** Marie Duchemin married M. Isaac Damaluy, minister in the French church in Haarlem, in 1709.
** Catherine Duchemin died at age 13 or 14.
* Madeleine, the daughter of Rachel Tacquelet died in her childhood.