Early History of the Crommelin Family
(Part 3)

(...integrated information compiled from various sources including
Jacob Crommelin's 1712 account published by J.H. Scheffer)

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Jean Crommelin (1603 - 1659)

Jean Crommelinck - Jean was born on March 19, 1603 as the fifth child of his parents, Jean Crommelinck and Marie de Semeries. At age 20 and living in Castelet, he married Rachel Tacquelet, age 14 years, the only daughter of Guillaume Tacquelet and Marie Maucroix. During 27 years they had fifteen children of whom only three survived in 1712. Below are the birth dates and the names of those children.

The first one; Louis, born December 2, 1625;
The second one; Marie, born March 5, 1627;
The third one; a daughter, born July 28, 1628, lived barely an hour;
The fourth one; Abraham, born August 22, 1629;
The fifth one; Catharine, born June 20, 1632;
The sixth one; Rachel, born July 21, 1634;
The seventh one; Anne, born September 7, 1636;
The eighth one; Jean, born January 16, 1639;
The ninth one; Isaac, born November 28, 1640;
The tenth one; Jacob, born May 26, 1642, The day of the battle of Honnecourt;
[Jacob was the one who completed a genealogical account of the Crommelin family on his 70th birthday, 1712]
The eleventh one; Isaac, born February 2, 1644;
The twelfth one; Guillaume, born April 25, 1645;
The thirteenth one; Daniel, born February 28, 1647;
The fourteenth one; Esther, born June 3, 1648;
The fifteenth one; Madeleine, born June 10, 1652.

The father of the above children died at home on June 4, 1659 and the mother died in Paris, in the arms of her daughter Catherine and son Jacob on August 10, 1686, at the age of 77 years. She was interred in the cemetery of the church of Saint-Sulpice, under persecution.

* Louis married Marie Mettayer, daughter of Jean Mettayer and sister of the father of Samuel Mettayer, in 1648 or 1649, who were both ministers of the Church of Le Haucourt. From his birth until the end, he was the favorite son in his father’s home. He died of a hernia on November 10, 1669 at the age of 44. He left eight children; Rachel, Anne, Catherine, Samuel, Marie, Jeanne, Samuel-Louis and Guilliaume (William).
** Rachel married Robert Lallemand of Valenciennes in 1670, from where his father was hired by Monseigneur Colbert to establish the fabrication of baracan at Ferré-au-Col, which did not succeed because of the poor condition of Robert who had to withdraw to Spain because of his debts. His wife died childless at her mother’s place in Saint Quentin.
** Anne married Isaac Cousin of Meaux. They moved to Paris until the revocation of the Edit of Nantes and fled to Holland because of religion, and from there to Lisburn, Ireland, having no children at all.
** Catherine married Jérémie Bourgeat of Vitry in Campagne. While living in Paris they made a large fortune. She died there and left two daughters and two sons, the eldest married M. Ducandal and they had no children. The eldest boy married the eldest daughter of André Crommelin who is mentioned hereafter.


Correspondence believed to be from Samuel-Louis before he fled Saint Quentin following the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685.
Click to enlarge. Source: Archives, the department of Aisne, France]


Samuel-Louis Crommelin (1652-1727)
("Louis of Lisburn")

** Samuel-Louis married his first cousin Anne Crommelin, who was mentioned, previously. Their daughter married M. De Bernière, gentleman from around Alençon and their son died in July 1711 at Lisburn where they lived, at the age of 28 or 30 years.

THE DE BERNIÈRE FAMILY

Captain Jean Antoine De Bernière was the only son of Jean De Bernière of Alençon, who escaped after the Revocation to Holland, where he joined the army of William of Orange, leaving behind his father and two sisters, who inherited the estate. He served in Ireland and later in Spain, where he lost his left hand at the Battle of Almanza in 1707. He married Mary Magdeline, the daughter of Louis Crommelin. They had three children, Mary Ann, Madeliene and a son, Louis Crommelin Bernière , born in 1713. His mother died a few days after he was born (aged twenty four years) and is buried in the Crommelin grave in Lisburn Cathedral graveyard. In 1726 Captain De Berniere made his will leaving his money to his son Louis and his goods and chattels to his daughters.

In 1739 Louis Bernière married Elinor Donlevy, sister-in-law of the Bishop of Dromore, Louis was also a soldier and saw service in Canada and Senegal where he became ill and was sent home on furlough. He never reached Lisburn, dying at sea in 1762. His wife had died previously in 1759 and their children were taken by relatives to be brought up. The elder son, John Anthony De Bernière born in Lisburn in 1744, was sent to his aunt, the wife of Bishop Marlay, and eventually entered the army. The younger son went to Dublin, to the home of Paul Mangin, and in time he also became a soldier, serving in America and France and rising to the rank of Brigadier. He died in France, leaving one son and two daughters. His son John Henry De Bernière was born in Rochester, Kent in 1801, but died in Verdun, one of Napoleon's internment camps, in 1809.

The elder son of Louis De Bernière, John Anthony, married Ann Jones, while stationed in Rostrevor. He saw service in America, rose to the rank of Colonel, then emigrated to America, where his descendants still live, although the name De Bernière has died out. An interesting detail is that Louise De Bernière, eldest daughter of John Anthony; corresponded with Mary Ann Clark (the mistress of the Duke of York). She married into the Du Maurièr family; also of Huguenot descent, and was the great grandmother of Daphne Du Maurièr.
Source


** Marie-Madeleine first married Isaac Testart of Blois, settled in London after his and the death of their children. She married Nicolas de la Cherois the elder, captain and major of the De Marton regiment, to whom she left a boy and a girl at childbirth. The boy lived and did not marry. The girl married her first cousin Daniel Crommelin, son of Samuel Louis, mentioned previously.
** Jeanne married Abraham Gillot of Alençon where they lived until the recall of the Edict of Nantes. Afterwards they fled to Amsterdam and from there to Lisburn where they married off their eldest daughter to the son of Samuel Louis.

THE GUILLOT / GILLOT FAMILY

There are varied spellings of this name and even Jellet is thought to be connected. In his article on the French settlers in Lisburn, Dr Purdon states that the Guillots were naval officers in the French navy at the Revocation and escaped to Holland to join the Dutch navy. However, it seems that some Guillots came to Ireland earlier as in 1656 Abraham Guillot is in the denization list. Jacob Guillot came from Bergerac and in 1701 was a pastor of the non-conformist congregation in Dublin. In 1711 two of his daughters married sons of Samuel Crommelin and the baptism of their children is in Charles Lavalade's list. The Guillots seem to have settled in Lisburn and Cork. On the Huguenot graves in Lisburn Cathedral graveyard are several notices: Here are interred the body of Abraham Guillot who died 8 July aged 55 years; Ann Gillet, wife of Samuel Lewis Crommelin who died 30 August 1718 aged 30 years; Gillet their son died 2 December 1715, aged 2 years and Jane their daughter who died 31 January 1718 aged 5 months.


There are Gillots now living in Belfast. During the period of the famine they went to the south of Ireland looking for work and not finding any, went to Preston in Lancashire, where they found work in the weaving town. There are still Gillots in Preston. In the parochial visitation of 1824 Rev. William Gillet lived in Bow Street, Lisburn and was curate of Ballinderry.
Source

** Samuel married Anne Truffet of Laon, daughter of Daniel Truffet and Judith Coullcette. They lived in the family home in Saint Quentin until the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, after which they fled to Amsterdam where they died having left four boys of whom the two eldest married their first cousins as mentioned above. Samuel, widower, followed his brother Samuel-Louis to Ireland and settled in Lisburn, in the manufacturing of linen which they set up there. For the second time he married Miss De Belcastel, sister of lieutenant general Belcastel, who got killed in the battle of……
** Guillaume: He became a widower and had one daughter. He remained single in Ireland.

* Marie, daughter of Rachel Tacquelet, married Daniel De La Chambre of Haarlem. They lived at Chauny for several years, then in Rouen where she died in her sleep in 1660. She left five children: Jean, Daniel, François, Marie and Anne. Their father died in Haarlem.
** Jean settled in London and there he married a daughter of M. Laurent. He had four children from that marriage of whom two remained.
** Daniel died as a bachelor in Ireland where his father paid him a pension.
** François remained a bachelor and did business in London. Marie married M. De Vasouy, gentleman of Normandy, widower for the second time and died at his first child’s place.
** Anne died young at the age of 18 or 20 years.

* Abraham, son of Rachel Tacquelet, married Marie Boileau, widow of one M. Guenault. They lived in Paris for four or five years, then they settled in Saint-Quentin where he died as linen merchant in 1673. He left four children: Jean, Angélique, Susanne and Marie.
** Jean married Jeanne Desavenelle of Péronne, who left him a boy and a girl while being pregnant. For the second time he married Elisabeth Langevin of Amiens, with whom he had several children. They lived in Charville, doing poor business.
** Angélique (Marie Angelique Crommelin (1659-1710), who married Daniel de la Cherois in 1699.)
*** Marie Angelique de la Cherois (1700-1771)

THE DE LA CHEROIS FAMILY

A family tradition is that in 1641 Captain Samuel De La Cherois13 married an heiress from Languedoc and their children Nicholas, Daniel, Boisjonval, Judith and Louisa, eventually came to Ireland. By 1685, the year of the Revocation, they were living in Ham in Picardy, where they owned land and other property, as did many Huguenots. Professor Murray called the Huguenots the French puritans, but C.E.Lart, of Huguenot descent, who had studied the genealogy, contradicts this theory, by saying that they may have been puritanical in their religion, but in their social behaviour they never lost their sense of style.

The De La Cherois family did not come to Lisburn together. The first to arrive was Daniel, who had stayed in Ham at first with his father whilst Nicholas and Boisjonval served in the army of Louis XIV, but after the Revocation he escaped from France to Holland and joined the army of William of Orange, becoming a Lieutenant in the Comte de Manton's Regiment (afterwards Lord Lifford's), and came to England.


Marie Angelique de la Cherois (1700-1771)
(daughter of Daniel de la Cherois and Marie Angelique Crommelin)

Click to enlarge.

In 1699 he married Marie Angelique, a cousin of Louis Crommelin in London and  probably joined the Lisburn colony after that. Being an astute business man he spent much of his time acquiring property. When the fire of Lisburn broke out in 1707 he was living in Castle Street and his house being destroyed, he was invited to join the Brownlow family at Lurgan, who were busy developing the linen trade there. However, he rebuilt his house in Lisburn on the site of the old one, and returned there after its completion. It is thought that the majority of the townspeople also built on the same site as their old houses, probably because they held the lease for the place.

Daniel De La Cherois died in 1732, leaving his estate to his only child Angélique [pictured above], with some bequests to the French Church and to cousins. The other two brothers came with the invading army and took part in the Irish Campaign, serving in Colonel Du Cambon's Regiment. Only Nicholas went back to Lisburn.

Nicholas De La Cherois received a commission in the French army in 1675; a description on his passport, issued in 1686 says he is "aged about 35 years, with chestnut coloured hair". It is believed he used this passport as a means of escape from France, through Liége in the same year, going into Holland.

During the winter of 1689, after the debacle of Dundalk, the brothers Nicholas and Boisjonval were stationed in Lisburn from where they were sent on forays to Carlingford, Sligo and the besieged Charlemont. Captain Nicholas De La Cherois fought at the Boyne and during the rest of the Irish Campaign, only returning to Lisburn after Daniel had settled there, probably after 1699. Then he joined Daniel in the linen industry, also living in Castle Street. He married Mary Madeleine, a sister of Louis Crommelin and they had two children. He died accidentally in 1724 after being sent poison in mistake for medicine by an apothecary.

Boisjonval, the youngest brother, also wintered in Lisburn, but during the spring of 1690, while out on reconnaissance, was ambushed near Dungannon and killed.

The next generation was represented by Samuel and his sister Madeleine. Samuel De La Cherois married Sarah Cormière, another Huguenot. They had three sons and lived at Hilden, later moving to Donaghadee. Samuel adopted the name Crommelin. Their third son Samuel carried on the name through his son Nicholas who built Carrowdore Castle.


Nicholas de la Cherois (1736-1829)
Click to enlarge.

He is buried in the De La Cherois tomb there, just outside the east end of the church. His sister Anne was the mother of Dr Charles Nicholas De La Cherois Purdon, who wrote the family history in the Ulster Journal of Archaeology in 1853.

The line now continues through the distaff side and in churches attended by the De La Cheroes family are memorial plaques bearing the names of sons who did not attain the inheritance. In 1811 Nicholas De La Cherois, an ensign in the 47th Regiment of the Line, was killed during the Napoleonic wars at the Battle of Barross, aged 22 years. In 1859 Lieutenant Louis De La Cherois, RN, died in the Crimean War and in the next generation in 1905, Philip Alexander Vaughan De La Cherois, who was born in Donaghadee, died of fever in Africa, while serving as a District Officer. On the wall of the church at Carrowdore there is another memorial, put there by Samuel Arthur Hall De La Cherois Crommelin in memory of his two sons, Louis and Arthur Claud.
Source

* Catherine, daughter of Rachel Tacquelet, first married François de Coninck of Antwerp in Rouen on 10 May 1654 to whom she left four children at his death in Rouen in 1662: Catherine, François, Frederick and Jean. She remarried Robert Oursel of Havre, several years later, to whom she left three daughters at her death: Marie and Rachel who lived there and Esther who lived in Amsterdam.
** Catherine married Jean Camin of Rouen, where they lived until the recall of the Edict of Nantes, then fled to the city of Rotterdam. She left him at her death, two boys and two girls. The eldest boy was captain in the…… regiment, in the service of the queen of Grand-Bretagne. The second son, called Abraham lived near his mother in Amsterdam where she had a business since the death of her husband. Her eldest daughter Marie was also in Amsterdam and her younger daughter, called, Catherine, married An. Fréd. Pigon of London where they lived.
** François died in his boyhood in Rouen, while in a lawsuit with his father-in-law, about a claim on the estate of his father, which strongly advanced the death of his mother.
** Fréderick married Marie Camin, daughter of Louis Camin of Abbeville, in England. She left France in 1686. Fréderick lived in Schiedam and had a tannery there. His wife took a house and shop in Amsterdam with three girls: Marie, Catherine and Esther. Besides three daughters they had two boys, called Jean and François.
** Jean married Marte Duval in Rouen with whom he fled as religious refugees to London. She died there several years later and left him two daughters, Catherine and Marie, who settled in Amsterdam. While travelling to Rotterdam for business he drowned on the way to his brother-in-law, Jean Camin, where he stayed.

** Marie Oursel did not want to get married, having refused one of the most advantageous partners, researched for her merit, the sky having endowed her of a superior mind, proves her conduct by her letters.
** Esther moved to Holland because of her religion. She settled in Amsterdam where she married Philippe Meusnier who lived there and she had no children.
** Rachel remained single at Havre, near her sister Marie.

* Rachel, a daughter of Rachel Tacquelet, married Pierre Testard, merchant in Saint-Quentin, in 1656. He was the widow of Therine Bossu who left him three daughters, Marie, Elisabeth and Anne. Rachel died during childbirth of a boy, her eighth child - removed from her womb by force and having bled to death. On the day of her death on the first day of 1669, she left seven children: Rachel, Ciprien, Marie, Madelaine, Pierre, Jean, Angélique and Susanne.
Testard remarried in 1672, for the third time, Anne Baulier, widow of Isaac Liévrad, without children. With her he had six children; Charles, Marianne, Jean-Etienne, Henriette, Louis and Samuel. The latter two were stillborn.
[The following are the children of Rachel Crommelin and Pierre Testard:]
** Rachel Testart married her first cousin Pierre le Febure, merchant at Rouen, in 1677. One of their children, Rachel, married Pierre de Joncourt, merchant at Saint-Quentin in 1672. They had several children, sons and daughters.
** After he left France in 1685, fleeing persecution, Ciprien Testard and his wife settled at Saint-Quentin in the business firm of his father. He lost his sight in 1702 and married Marianne de Van Loresse at the end of 1703. They had no children.
** Marie-Madelaine married Jean Benezet in 1681 and they lived in Abbeville where he was tax receiver until 1687 when they came to live at Saint-Quentin, where he became director. She died in her sleep and left him seven children; Jeanne-Etienne, Jaques, Jean, Ciprien, Madeleine, Melcher and Pierre. The elder married ... Delamejanelle: with whom he had children, while his father was still alive. Jean Benezet died suddenly in August 1710 at Abbeville where he had returned after the death of his wife. He was receiver of taxes and tobacco.
** Pierre left France with his elder son and settled, first in Haarlem where he married Judith Brousard and then he moved to Amsterdam where she died without children in November of 1708. He remarried Gertrude Slecher, with whom he had a boy and a girl.
** Jean left France with his father. He boarded an expedition, commissioned by M. the marquis Duquesne (with consent of the state) in Amsterdam with several young boys of diverse descent to take possession of the island Rodrigue. He lived there with his friends for two years, after which time, realizing being abandoned and without any news, they built a barge as best as they could in which they miraculously landed at the Island of Maurice, where the governor Dodatie treated them with unspeakable cruelty, wanting to let them perish of hunger and misery on a rock. There the poor Jean Testart, realizing that he was dying and wanting to rescue himself to the island, half way from the rock, sailed quickly back to the island in a sort of a boat which he had built on the insistence of his friends and he died on the island in a way nobody ever heard of.
** Angélique died young at Saint-Quentin at the home of her father.
** Susanne married Daniel Roberthon in 1686. They left France because of their religion. They lived in Amsterdam where he died young. He left her a boy and a girl.

[The following are the children of Pierre Testard and Anne Baulier (his third wife):]
** Charles Testart remained single and lived in Haarlem.
** Marianne Testart, widow of François Ribot, sailed to London on the way to Rotterdam. For the second time she married M. De Rapin. They had several children and lived at Wésel.
** Henriette married M. Paul Bennette the elder, merchant in Amsterdam. She left him a boy and a girl when she died young.
** Jean Estienne stayed single. He went to the island of Jamaica in the service of M. Galdy of London.

* Anne: the daughter of Rachel Tacquelet, died at the age of four or five years.

* Jean, the son of Rachel Tacquelet, destined by his father to replace him and position in his business, died in 1662, in his 24th year in Rouen, in the arms of his mother.

* Isaac: the son of Rachel Tacquelet, died in his childhood at the age of 3 or 4 years.

* Jacob, the son of Rachel Tacquelet, destined for the government, went to Rouen with his mother in 1653. He was placed in the university of Queville where he studied for two years and some months. He left there, on advice of his father-in-law, François De Coninck, who took him and his wife with him to Holland, where he wanted to settle. That did not work out because of the small submission to his teachers. Moreover, since his father died in 1659, he returned to France, close to his mother and his brother Louis, at the beginning of 1660. He lived with his brother for about two and one half years and then he moved in with his mother who gave her business to him for his marriage to Elisabeth Testart on the 16th of September in 1663. They had the following eight children in the course of ten and one half years that they lived there:
[Jacob was the one who completed a genealogical account of the Crommelin family on his 70th birthday, 1712]

The first one: a daughter, called Camille, born on July 26, 1664.
The second one: a son, called Ciprien, born on March 9, 1666.
The third one: a son, called Jacob, born on December 24, 1667.
The fourth one: a daughter, called Elisabeth, born on December 5, 1668, who died a quarter of an hour later.
The fifth one: a daughter, called Elisabeth-Catherine, born on June 8, 1670.
The sixth one: a son, called Daniel, born on June 23, 1671.
The seventh one: a daughter, called Marianne, born on August 30, 1672.
The eighth one: a daughter, called Madelaine, born on January 1, 1674.
The ninth one: a son, called François, born August 1, 1675.
The tenth one: a daughter, called Catherine, born in Paris on July 1, 1677.
The eleventh one: a daughter, called Susanne-Marie, born in Paris on September 30, 1677.
The twelfth one: a son, called Jean-Baptiste, was born in Paris on June 24, 1685.

The mother of these children left France with the five girls and a servant at the end of 1685, to flee the persecutions and to have themselves miraculously rescued by the “La Rochelle” and disembarked in England where she stayed for several months. Then she went to Holland with her daughter Babet, near her father, her mother-in-law, her brothers and sisters of the second and third marriage, having left the four youngest daughters with four of their parents. After the above flight and having lost contact with the father for twelve years that he lived in Paris and about fifty thousand refugees went back to Saint-Quentin in 1686, he took up the linen business again and by the blessing of the Lord, but for the love of his children he made enough money to fund the marriage of five daughters and a son as follows below, and having enough to live on at their leisure in Holland where God led them by the hand in 1708, he picked up the thread.
** Camille Crommelin married Daniel Jannot, to whom she left two daughters: Elisabeth and Suzanne on March 28, 1691, in Saint-Quentin towards the end of 1688. She died on that day during childbirth of a boy whose birth was forced and stillborn, having died during his mother’s difficult birth, which caused her to suffer severely.
** Ciprien left France in 1680 at age 14 and went to Holland from where he went to Ceylon as assistant, six years later where, having worked seven years of his employ and fulfilled his duty with satisfaction of his superiors, he was promoted to the job of bookkeeper at the counter of Colombo. He was honoured with two other honourable duties with a good contribution. But God had other plans, having him removed from the world in 1695 at age 29, despite his capability.
** Jacob left France in 1685, went to Holland and shortly there after to London where he stayed for a little over one year. Then, wanting to see Italy he went to Venice from where he returned to London and then joined his father in Saint-Quentin. However, realizing that he was persecuted because of his religion, he fled for the second time to Holland where he went as commander on a ship to Batavia where he lived for eight years, partially in the service of the Compagnie and partially working for himself. He went back to Europe in 1700 and after three years of business in Amsterdam he married his first cousin Esther Torin in 1704 with whom he had no children, nor was there any hope they could have any.
** Elisabeth-Catherine married André Le Cointe, a native of Elbeuf, in 1698, established in Leiden in the manufacture of cloth. He left a daughter called Elisabeth-Catherine.
** Daniel, as noted in letters, gave considerable hope of success with his studies until age 19 or 20 but having gone to England, after the death of his grandfather Testart in November 1693. Having gone to M. Vermon in the country as predecessor of his son, (where he stayed only 3 or 4 years) was it not possible for his father, nor his relatives to get him involved in any profession, becoming too lazy and idle until he spent the best part of his life in Ireland where he relegated.
** Marianne married Jacques Courtonne of Alençon in .... He settled in London and was widowed with no children. They only had one daughter, called Elisabeth.
** Madelaine married her first cousin Isaac Torin in 1705 with whom she was very happy. There was nothing missing in their happiness.
** François died at the age of five, due to neglect of a servant.
** Catherine married Elie Blaquière of Sourèze in Languedoc, in 1700. He fled to The Hague because of religion, where he settled and associated with André Pichot and after his death with his brother Daniel from whom he separated at the end of the term of their contract. He was the only one honoured out of several competitors, by the magistrate of the The Hague party of citizens of the green flag of which he was the first captain. Their children were Jean-Pierre, Esther, Elie, Pierre and Susanne.

BLACQUIÈRE

In 1685 Jean de Blacquière arrived in England from Limousin and married Marie de Varrenennes, the daughter of a refugee. One of their sons became a London merchant and another joined the colony in Lisburn, where his sister married John Crommelin, a nephew of Louis Crommelin. Their fifth child, John, had a distinguished career, at first in the army where he rose to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in the 17th Light Dragoons, then became Secretary to the British Legation in Paris. He was created a baronet in 1784 and eventually became Lord Blacquière of Ardkill. The family moved to Dublin.


** Susanne-Marie married Oliver Domergue of Saint-Ambroix des Cévennes, in April 1703. He moved to Leipzig and had no children.
** Jean-Baptiste died in Saint-Quentin on October 13, 1686.

* Isaac, the son of Rachel Tacquelet died young.


Daniel Crommelin
(1647 - 1725)

* Daniel, the son of Rachel Tacquelet, was born 28 February 1647 in St. Quentin and there, (at Lehaucourt) on 28 October 1674, married Anne Testart. At that time he was a banker established in Paris where his son, Charles, was born and baptized at Charenton (Paris). His younger son, Isaac, was born at Saint Quentin. Anne Testart had attracted Daniel to Paris in the hope that a partnership with her brother, Jacob, would make their company more advantageous. However this arrangement broke down within eight months and Daniel (who stayed in Paris until 1680) was persuaded by Nicolas van Horn to get interested in the delivery of a number of Negroes to Spanish America. This was a grave miscalculation. He risked their life savings in the venture, but due to the evil nature of van Horn, he was lucky to disembark at Cadiz, Spain from where he went back to England.

[From the affidavits of some Van Hoorn's men taken at Jamaica in March 3, 1683 (old style): "...and then went for Cadiz, which was about Christmas, where Captain Vanhorn put on shore 36 of his men without wages. There he pretended to get a licence to trade in America but could not, and then turned two of his merchants ashore..." [Public Record Office, CO 1/51 no 43i]
From what I read on your web site, I suppose that your ancestor was one of these merchants. And from other sources, I found that in this slave venture, Van Hoorn was associate to the French governor of Cayenne (Lefebvre de La Barre) and an unnamed Parisian merchant who promised to Van Hoorn that he could obtain for him a licence to trade slaves in Spanish colonies. But this unknown merchant, once in Cadiz, was unable to obtain the said licence.
Sincerely, Raynald Laprise ]

In England he acquired several farms over a period of ten or twelve years until he finally embarked in London with his elder son, Charles, and his two nephews, Delachambre and Oursel, to do business in Jamaica. Immediately the nephews contracted a contagious disease and died a few days after their arrival. He and his son escaped from it and moved to New York about 1696 where his wife followed him with his youngest son, Isaac. Isaac and his mother died there in 1702 or 1703. In 1706 Daniel married off his son, Charles, advantageously to an only girl (Anne Sinclair) with whom he had some children. [See Daniel in America] Daniel died at New York in 1725. He is Buried at Trinity Churchyard, New York City.


Charles Crommelin (1676 - 1740 )

** Charles, the son of Daniel Crommelin and Anne Testart was born about 1 January 1676 in Charenton, France. [Note: One of the provisions of the Edict of Nantes (1598) allowed Protestants to worship in two cities in every bailiwick of the kingdom, but not within five leagues of Paris. Later, King Henry IV transgressed his own Edict by allowing the Parisian Huguenots to build a great church at Charenton, nearer to the city than the statutory five leagues.] After doing some work on his father's farms in England, he accompanied his father, Daniel, and two cousins, Delachambre and Oursel, to Jamaica on a failed business venture which saw the death of his cousins. He and his father subsequently moved to the United States about 1696 where his parents were reunited. Charles then became a merchant and pioneer copper miner in Connecticut. On 7 November 1706, in New York, he married Anne Sinclair and they became the parents of eight children. Anne Sinclair was the daughter of Robert Sinclair (and a grandaughter of Lord Orkney) who was of Scottish origins and a descendant of James V, King of Scots. Her mother was Maryken/Maria Duyckinck, who belonged to one of the first Dutch families to settle in North America. Anne Sinclair's portrait was destroyed in the 1911 fire at "de Lathmer" along with numerous other family portraits.


Portraits of Charles and Anne Crommelin-Sinclair, his wife.
These photos were taken before the portraits were destroyed in the Lathmer fire of 1911.

Click for rear info. Click for rear info.

- A daughter, Marie Crommelin, born 17 July 1711, married Guillaume (or Gulian) Verplanck in September, 1737. They had a son, Samuel Verplanck, born 19 September 1739. This grandson of Charles subsequently married a grandaughter of Charles, Judith Crommelin. Judith, the daughter of Daniel Crommelin, appears as the oldest girl in the portrait of Daniel's family. These marriages established the strong ties between the Crommelin and Verplanck families in early America. The Crommelin-Verplanck story is picked up on the Crommelin-Verplanck Connection. Charles died 9 May 1740 at New York. He is buried at Trinity Churchyard, New York City. His church affiliation was Dutch Reformed/Episcopal.
- The children of Charles Crommelin and Anne Sinclair were:
*** Daniel, born 11 November 1707 in New York, died in Amsterdam, 18 January 1788. (He was the founder of the trading company, Daniel Crommelin & Sons).
*** Marie, born 5 November 1709, died November 1710.
*** Marie, born 17 July 1711 mentioned above.
*** Anne, born 6 July 1714, died 27 January 1715.
*** Elisabeth, born 6 July 1716.
*** Robert, born 13 February 1718.
*** Anne, born 16 December, 1719.
*** Charles, born 22 August, 1722.

* Esther, daughter of Rachel Tacquelet, married Jean Torin, merchant in Rouen, in 1665. He left him Esther, Isaac and Abraham Torin at her death. She took Pierre Duchemin of Rotterdam in marriage the second time to whom; being Dutch, she fled the persecution in France in 1685 and lived in Rotterdam for about five years. He became doctor several years after their return and he practiced that profession with much success, adding to that science, that of pharmaceutics in which he was involved since early on.
** Esther Torin married her first cousin Jacob Crommelin in 1704 as was mentioned earlier.
** Isaac Torin married his first cousin Madeleine Crommelin in 1705.
** Abraham Torin died young at age 24, in Rotterdam while studying medicine.
** Marie Duchemin married M. Isaac Damaluy, minister in the French church in Haarlem, in 1709.
** Catherine Duchemin died at age 13 or 14.

* Madeleine, the daughter of Rachel Tacquelet died in her childhood.