(See also Crommelin-Verplanck Connection)
1. DANIEL CROMMELIN (CHARLES7, DANIEL6, JEAN5, JEAN4 CROMMELINCK, ARMAND PIERREZN3, PIERRE2, JEAN1 CROMMELIN) was born 11 Nov 1707 in New York, baptized 19 Nov. by Mr. Du Bois, minister Dutch church, and died 18 Jan 1789 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. He married MARIE LE PLASTRIER 30 Oct 1736 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, daughter of DANIEL LE PLASTRIER and JUDITH CONGNARD. She was born 11 Oct 1711 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, and died 30 Mar 1776 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Samuel Verplanck - Judith Crommelin
2. JUDITH CROMMELIN (DANIEL8, CHARLES7, DANIEL6, JEAN5, JEAN4 CROMMELINCK, ARMAND PIERREZN3, PIERRE2, JEAN1 CROMMELIN) was born 16 Sep 1739 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, and died 17 Sep 1803 in New York, USA. She married SAMUEL VERPLANCK 26 Apr 1761 in New York, USA, son of GULIAN VERPLANCK and MARIE CROMMELIN. He was born 19 Sep 1739 in New York, USA, and died Abt. 1803 in New York, USA.
Judith's husband, Samuel Verplanck, was born in New York City, September 19, 1739. His father (Gulian, married to Marie Crommelin) died when Samuel was only 12 years old. He entered Kings College 1754, the first name on the list of candidates and was admitted at the first examination. At his graduation, he was sent to his uncle, Daniel Crommelin, a distinguished banking family from Amsterdam, Holland. He lived in this family and later married Daniel’s daughter Judith (his cousin) on April 26, 1761.
Samuel worked in the banking house of his uncle/father-in-law until 1763. He then returned to Wall Street house, where his father had resided, just east of the City Hall, today the site of the Bank of the United States. Samuel most likely purchased then a suite of furniture for his parlor which is today part of the “Verplanck Room” in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. This room comprises elements from two sources: a collection of furniture and other objects that belonged to Samuel and Judith and from the house of the Coldens, another prominent pre–Revolutionary War family in Orange County, New York. While the Verplanck residence was more ornate than that of the Coldens, the blending of elements from the two homes has allowed the Museum to represent the Verplanck furniture in a context generally fitting its date and location.
Samuel Verplanck's impressive town house was built by his father before 1750. It stood at 3 Wall Street in New York City, then was demolished in 1822 to make way for the Bank of the United States, the façade of which was preserved in 1924 as the front of the Metropolitan Museum's American Wing.
During the Revolutionary War, Samuel supported the Revolutionary cause but his Dutch wife Judith did not. When the British took Manhattan in 1776, Samuel retired to Fishkill, Dutchess County, NY, to the house of his son called "Mount Gulian". He remained there until his death in 1820, in his 81st year. His estranged wife refused to retreat to Dutchess County with him during the American revolution and stayed in the Wall Street house, maintaining a friendship with Lord William Howe, commander in chief of the British forces. Howe presented her with two of the paintings currently hanging in the room, The Temptation of Eros and The Victory of Eros, both in the style of the Swiss artist Angelica Kauffmann. After Howe was recalled to England for "dissipation and high play", Judith remained in Manhattan until her death in 1803. After that, the house was closed and most of the furnishings were sent to Fishkill, where they remained until they came to the Metropolitan Museum.
Daniel Crommelin Verplanck
3. DANIEL CROMMELIN VERPLANCK, b. 10 Mar 1762, Dutchess County, New York, USA; d. near Fishkill, New York, 29 March 1834. His sister, MARY VERPLANCK, b. 03 Jul 1763, died young. They were the children of Judith and Samuel Verplanck. He was the "Boy With a Squirrel", painted by Sir John Singleton Copley. The portrait was painted in 1771 when Daniel was nine years old. The background has traditionally been identified as a view from the Verplanck country house at Fishkill, looking toward Mount Gulian.
Daniel Crommelin Verplanck was born in New York and spent the early part of his life in the family home on lower Wall Street. While attending Columbia College (formerly King's College), he married Elizabeth Johnson, daughter of the president of Columbia, William Samuel Johnson, a Founding Father of the United States. They had two children. Following her death in 1789, Verplanck married Ann Walton, with whom he had seven children. They lived on Wall Street until 1803 and then moved to Fishkill-on-Hudson, New York. He represented Dutchess County in Congress from 17 October, 1803 until 3 March, 1809. [Source]
He also served as first judge of the court of common pleas for Dutchess county, from 11 March, 1828, till 16 January, 1830. He took great interest in agriculture. His estate at Fishkill had been in the possession of the family since 1682, and the house, which was erected several years later, is still standing. It is a one-story building of stone and wood in the Dutch style. This place was the headquarters of Baron Steuben at one time, and in it Colonel Lewis Nicola proposed to make Washington a king.
Gulian Crommelin Verplanck (Portraits)
4. GULIAN CROMMELIN VERPLANCK (1786 - 1870), AMERICAN AUTHOR & CONGRESSMAN.
Daniel Crommelin Verplanck's son, Gulian Crommelin Verplanck, was one of the best known personalities in New York. Highly talented, he entered Columbia at 11 years and graduated in 1801 (15 years of age). Gulian's middle name and part of his social education were derived from his grandmother, Judith Crommelin.
"This lively little lady [Judith Crommelin] who was often seen walking up Wall Street dressed in her pink satin and dainty high heeled shoes with a quaint jeweled watch swinging from her waist was insistent….. that her grandson develop a love of books. At an early age he was taught to stand on a table and declaim passages from Latin authors, for which she rewarded him with hot poundcake. The two were inseparable companions ". (From The Essential New Yorker – “Gulian Crommelin Verplanck" by Robert William July, Duke University Press Durham, North Carolina 1951).
Gulian was born in New York city, 6 August, 1786; died there, 18 March, 1870, was graduated at Columbia in 1801, being the youngest bachelor of arts that ever received his diploma from that college. He afterward studied law, was admitted to the bar and began practice in New York city. Soon afterward he went to Europe, where he passed several years in travel. On his return he took an active part in state politics, and became a member of the legislature in 1820.
In 1821 he was appointed professor of the evidences of revealed religion and moral science in the Protestant Episcopal general theological seminary, New York city, and retained this chair four years.
He was a member of congress from 1825 till 1833, was a member of the state senate in 1838-'41, and was for many years president of the board of commissioners of emigration, he was one of the vestrymen of Trinity church, New York city, a governor of the City hospital in 1823-'65, and vice-chancellor of the State university from 1855 till his death.
For many years Mr. Verplanck was president of the Century club, and prominent in the annual conventions of the diocese. He published:
- an anniversary discourse on the early European friends of America (New York, 1818);
- "The Bucktail Bards: containing the State Triumvirate, a Political Tale; and the Epistles of Brevet Major Pindar Puff," being political pamphlets chiefly aimed at De Witt Clinton, mayor of New York city (1819);
- "Proces Verbal of the Ceremony of Installation" (1820) ;
- "Address before the American Academy of Fine Arts" (1824);
- "Essays on the Nature and Uses of the Various Evidences of Revealed Religion" (1824);
- "Essay on the Doctrine of Contracts" (1825);
- "Discourses and Addresses on Subjects of American History, Arts, and Literature" (1833) ;
- "Shakespeare's Plays, with his Life, with Critical Introduction and Notes" (3 vols., 1847); and several college orations, the best known of which is " The American Scholar," delivered at Union college in 1836. He prepared also for fifteen years nearly all the annual reports of the commissioners of emigration, and with William C. Bryant and Robert C. Sands, edited the "Talisman", an annual, which continued three years, beginning with 1827. These volumes, containing some of the choicest productions of their authors, were republished in 1833 with the title of "Miscellanies first published under the Name of the ' Talisman.' "
Gulian was a Representative from New York; born in New York City August 6, 1786; pursued classical studies, and was graduated from Columbia College (now Columbia University), New York City, in 1801; studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1807; member of the State assembly 1820-1823; professor at General Theological Seminary, New York City, 1821-1824; elected to the Nineteenth and Twentieth Congresses and elected as a Jacksonian to the Twenty-first and Twenty-second Congresses (March 4, 1825-March 3, 1833); chairman, Committee on Ways and Means (Twenty-second Congress); was not a candidate for renomination in 1832; unsuccessful Whig candidate for mayor of New York City in 1834; member of the State senate 1838-1841; governor of the city hospital 1823-1865; regent of the State university 1826-1870 and vice chancellor 1858-1870; president of the board of commissioners of immigration 1846-1870; member of the State constitutional convention in 1867 and 1868; died in New York City on March 18, 1870; interment in Trinity Churchyard, Fishkill, Dutchess County, N.Y.
Began practice of law in NYC in 1807, became an enemy of Dewitt Clinton & published anti-Clinton pamphlets (1815, 1819); In Congress (1825-33); chairman of the ways & means committee (1831-33); NY State Senator (1838-41); author of "Essays on the Nature and Uses of the Various Evidences of Revealed Religion" (1824), one of the earliest American works influenced by the Scottish school of common sense philosophy; editor of the "Talisman" w/Wm. Cullen Bryant (1828-30).