...as given by Isaac Mathieu Crommelin in his 'Encyclopedia'
To augment his text, Isaac suggested many book titles under different headings
which constitute his recommended 'Library'.
- The Bible - its translation with notes by M. de Sacy
- A literal commentary on all the books in the Old and New Testament by Calmet
- The Truth of the Christian Religion by Abbadie.
- Treatise on Religion by Grotius.
- Evangelical Demonstration by M. Huet.
- Treatise on Religion by M. Delachambre.
- Treatise on the Existence and Attributes of God by Clarke.
- Philosophical Works or demonstration of the Existence of God by M. de Fenelon.
- Exposition of Christian Doctrine by Bossuet.
- The Pensees [Thoughts] of Pascal.
- The Catechism by Montpellier.
- Exposition of Christian Doctrine by Mezenguy.
- Moral Essays by M. Nicole.
- Treatise on Providence, Immortality of the Soul, and the Tableau of Death, by Sherlock.
- The works of Louis de la Grenade: The Imitation of Jesus Christ; Spiritual Combat
Jurisprudence (Canon Law)
- Institution of Ecclesiastical Rights by M. Fleury
- History of French Ecclesiastical Rights and Law by Hericourt.
- Church Discipline by P. Thomassin.
- Summary of Canon Jurisprudence by Lacombe.
Rights of Man (Civil Jurisprudence)
- Rights and the Nature of Man by Puffendorff, translation by Barbeyrac.
- Rights in War and Peace by Grotius, translation by Barbeyrac.
- Philosophical Treatise on Natural Law by Cumberland, translation with notes by Barbeyrac.
- Principles of Natural and Politic Law by Burlamaqui.[Jean Jacques Burlamaqui (1694-1748) believed that man's civil law (what's legal and illegal) should reflect natural law (what's natural and unnatural). This view is consistent with the Bible which declares that God is the author of both moral law (Ps. 40:8; 2 Tim. 3:16) and natural law (Ps. 19:1; Rom. 1:20), both of which should be foundational to man's civil law. Therefore civil law should simply be a matter of enforcing what is good and natural (Is. 32:1; 1Kings 21:9). God abhors the inversion of justice where civil law defends and protects the unrighteous and punishes the righteous (Is. 5:22-23; Ps. 82:1-2) because what's 'good' has become 'bad' in society, and vice versa (Hab. 1:4; Is. 5:20).
Burlamaqui simply echoed what other sages in history have always believed:
- "All vices are at odds with nature - all abandon the proper order of things." - Seneca (4BC-85AD)
- "Right is not founded on opinion, but on virtue." - Cicero ()
- "There is but one law for all, namely that Law which governs all law, the Law of our Creator, the law of humanity, justice, equity - the law of nature and of nations. Never (no never!) did Nature say one thing, and Wisdom say another." - Edmund Burke ()
Blackstone - jurisprudence based on Moral Law.
In western societies today, civil law is known as 'sociological law' - that which upholds what is 'best for society' without regard for what is moral or natural. Sociological law is humanistic or atheistic. It asserts that 'what's best for society' is whatever the Supreme Court deems it to be [ie, 'might makes right'], or whatever most people don't object to. Therefore, as the social moeurs or ethics of society become increasingly liberal through the influence of the secular media and Hollywood, civil law must follow suit by legalizing immoral things and punishing anyone who speaks out against them. In other words law is not fixed, but something that must change with the times in order to reflect the ethics of the day. And this public morality, of course, is subject to the influence of humanistic judges and politicians, the secular media, and the entertainment industry which promote ever-increasing lewdness, blasphemy, and what is unnatural.
The French Revolution, with its emphasis on selfish (inward-directed) 'human rights' rather than (outward-directed) 'human responsibilities' toward God and mankind, heralded a major turning point in law. This is when civil law cut its ties with moral and natural law, and began to embrace sociological law. By including the Bible and Burlamaqui in his 'Library', Isaac Mathieu Crommelin reveals his high regard for virtue and 'what is natural' as the proper foundation for man's civil jurisprudence.]
- The Jurisprudence of the Code of Justinian by C. Ferrieres.
- Civil laws in their natural order by Domat.
- General works by Phothier.
- Politics derived from the Holy Scriptures by M. Bossuet.
- Dissertation on the union of Religion, Morals, and Politics by M. Silhouette, translated by Warburton.
- The Spirit of Law by Montesquieu.[A quotation from Montesquieu:
'The principles of Christianity, deeply engraved on the heart, would be infinitely more powerful than the false honour of monarchies, than the humane virtues of republics, or the servile fear of despotic states.']
- Observations on the spirit of laws by Crevier.[In Isaac Crommelin's day (before the French Revolution) there apparently was an appreciation for the 'spirit' of the law - something which we don't hear much about today. Civil law consists of both the 'letter' of the law (physical) and the 'spirit' of the law (spiritual) which embodies the moral code or 'filter' through which the letter of the law is to be written, interpreted and applied. When the letter of the law is separated from moral correctness, then law inevitably becomes politically correct and tyrannical. It is important, therefore, that a righteous spirit be maintained as the foundation of law otherwise law would be used to protect the wicked and punish the righteous. When law becomes a rebel to principle, then people become rebels to law because without a righteous spirit, the law is merely an instrument of oppression rather than true justice. On the other hand, morally correct laws inevitably produce freedom and obedient citizens because laws are then consistent with common sense, and they don't trouble our conscience. Right and Wrong, Good and Bad, therefore, are important philosophical concepts that are essential for the preservation of true justice and freedom.]
- Political discourses by M. Hume.
- By the Abbot of Mably:
- Reflections on Phocion
- The public right of Europe
- Principles of negotiation
- Treatise on Right and Wrong, by the Marquis of Beccaria.
- The works of Machiaveli [a profound author, but dangerous]
- Civil government by Locke.
- The works of the Abbot of Saint-Pierre.
- The works of the Marquis de Mirabaud.
- Political reflections by Dutot.
- The History of Philosophy by Brucker.
- The works of Plato, Aristotle, Xenophon, Teophrates, Sextus Empiricus, Plutarch, Porphyre, Plotin
- The works of Cicero, Seneca, Boeca, Bacon.
- The works of Descartes, Gaffendi, Leibnitz, Newton, Maclaurin, Wolf.
- The art of thinking by Nicole.
- Logic by Crouzas.
- Introduction to logic and metaphysics, by Sgravesande.
- Dictionary of Philosophy containing its knowledge of man, by M. de Neuville.
- On the education of children by Locke.
- The education of girls by M. de Fenelon.
- The art of coming to know faith by Abbadie.
- Teatise on morals by P. Malebranche.
- Metaphysics of the soul, or theory on moral sentiments, by M. Smitz.
- The characters of Theophraste and Labruyere.
- Moral philosophy reduced to its principles, by Shaftbury.
- Indian philosophy, by Mylord Chesterfield.
- The English Spectator.
- Essays by Montaigne.
- Wisdom of Charron.
- The Maxims of de la Rochefoucault.
- Considerations on moeurs, by Duclos.
- Essay on moeurs, by Sauret.
- Theory on agreeable sentiments, by M. Leveque de Pouilly.
- Human understanding by Locke, translation by Coste.
- Search for truth, by Father Malebranche and his other works.
- Treatise on consciousness, by le Cat.
- By the Abbot de Condillac
- Essay on the origin of human awareness
- Treatise on sensations
- Treatise on systems
- Investigations on the origin of ideas, by Hutcheson.
- Lessons in experimental physics by the Abbot Nollet.
- Essays in Physics by Musschembroek.
- Institutions of Physics by Madame du Chatelet.
- The works of M. Mairan on ice and the aurora borealis.
- The art of experiences, by the Abbot Nollet.
- Treatise on animals, Aristotle.
- History of the world by Pliny, new translation by a Society of Learned Men
- Works on natural history by Aldrovande and Gesner.
- Natural history by M. de Buffon.
- Natural dictionary, by M. Valmont de Bomard.
- Spectacle of nature, by Pluche.
- History of insects, par M. de Reamur.
- Observations of natural history, made with a microscope, by Joblot.
- Works by M. Bonnet:
- Treatise on Insectology
- Investigation into the operation of leaves
- Contemplation of nature
- Reflections on organized bodies
- Essay on cosmology by M. de Maupertuis.
- Treatises on Metallica by Agricola, Beccher, Stahl, Kunckel, Henckel, Gellert.
- Utility of mathematics by Crousaz.
- Elementary mathematics by Rivard, Lachapelle, Mazeas, Saury, Abbot Marie, Lecamus, Clairaut, Leclerc, Bezout.
- Treatise on the grandeur of mathematics by Lami.
- The infinitely small by Marquis de l'Hopital.
- Recreational mathematics by Ozanam.
- The works of M. Cassini.
- The works of M. Delalande.
- Elementary lessons by the Abbot de la Caille.
- Astronomy by Keil, translation by M. Lemonier Jr.
- Celestial history by M. Monier.
- Ruses in war by Polyen, translation by Don Lobineau.
- Treatise on the need and virtues, by a general of the army of Onozandre, translation by Baron de Zulauben.
- Tactics by Elien.
- The art of war by Vegece.
- The perfect captain by Duc de Rohan.
- Commentaries on Polybe by Chevalier Folard.
- The art of war by Marechal de Puysegur.
- Military reflections by Marquis de Santacrux.
- Attack and defense by Marechal de Vauban.
- Elements of military arts, by d'Ericourt.
- The reveries of Marechal de Saxe.
- Fortifications around the world by Landsberg.
- Treatise on Legions.
- The perfect engineer by Deidiers.
- Science and engineering by Belidor.
- Memoirs of the artillery, by St. Remy.
- Practical geometry for engineers.
- Military dictionary.
- The works of Scaliger, the Jesuits Petau & Riccioli, Dusher or Usserius, Marsham.
- Chronological tables by l'Englet Dufresnoy.
- The art of verifying dates.
Gnomonique (Sun-dial Making)
- Refer to the works of Pere Dechales, Ozanam, Picard, Lahire, Rivard, M. de Parcieux, Don Bedos de Celles, Benedictin.
- Lessons in navigation by M. Dulague.
- Treatise on navigation by M. Bouguer.
- The art of shipbuilding and the flags of various nations.
- Maritime dictionary by Aubin.
- The art of gauging a ship's cargo by M. Saverien.
- The rustic home.
- Calendar for labourers.
- Basics of agriculture, by M. Duhamel du Monceau.
- Complete agriculture, or the art of improving the earth, translation from English by M. Eidous.
- Instructions on Gardens: theory and practice of gardening, by la Quintinie.
- Agronomy, or dictionary pertaining to cultivation, by M. Alletz.
- Theory of gardening: Practical gardening by Abbot Roger Schabol.
- Strabon for ancient geography.
- Geographical dictionary by la Martiniere.
- Method for the study of geography, by l'Englet Dufresnoy.
- Geography and atlases by Dom Vaissette, Gueudeville, Jauffon, Blaen.
- Maps by Delisle, Buache, Danville.
- Aphorisms and prognoses by Hippocrates.
- Treatise on the function of human body parts, by Galien.
- History of medicine by Leclerc and de Friend.
- A summary of medicine, by d'Allen.
- Treatise on illnesses by Helvetius.
- Static medicine, by Sanctorius.
- Exposition on anatomy, by Winslou.
- Essay on health, by Cheyne.
- Essay on the harmony of the body, by Mr. Quesnay.
- Anatomy by Tarin.
- Structure of the heart, by Senac, also the works of Corneille Celse, Boerhaave, Sydenham, Haller, Van Swieten, Astruc, Ferin.
- Universal dictionary of medicine.
- History of European plants.
- Lesson in botany, by M. Imbert.
- Botany, by Chomel.
- The works of Tournefort, and Linneus.
- Course in chemistry by Lemery, augmented by Baron.
- Lessons in chemistry at the University of Montpellier, by M. Fizes.
- Elements and Dictionary of chemistry, by Macquer.
- Dissertation on Phlogiston, by M. Guyton de Morveau, Attorney General of the Parlement of Dijon.
- The works of Boyle, Boerhaave, Stahl, Beccher, Kunkel.
Mechanical Arts and Fine Arts
- Mechanical Arts: Encyclopedia and descriptions of each art in particular given by the academy.
- The Fine Arts include music, poetry, painting, perspective, sculpture, comedy and dance, eloquence, architecture.
- Greek musicians, published by Meibomius.
- Demonstrations in harmony, by Zarlin.
- Universal harmony by P. Mersenne.
- The works of Rameau.
- Basics by M. d'Alambert.
- Dialogue on the music of the ancients, by Abbot de Chateauneuf.
- History of music by M. Bonnet.
- Dictionary of music by J.J. Rousseau.
- Exposition on the theory and practice of music, by M. Bethisi.
- The works on music by Tartini, Abbot Rouslier.
- Dissertation on modern music by J.J. Rousseau.
- The poetry of Aristotle, Horace, Jerome Vida, Boileau, published by M. le Bateaux.
- Poetry by Jules Cesar Scaliger.
- Reason, or the idea of poetry, by Gravina.
- Critical reflections on Poetry and Painting, by Abbot Dubos.
- Treatise on the epic poem, by Lebossu.
- The practice of theatre, by d'Aubignac.
- Reflections on sentimental domestic comedies, by Chaffiron. - His essay on rhythmical poetry; Treatise on melodrama.
- One also finds excellent pieces of this genre amongst the works of Corneille, Lamotte, and Voltaire.
Painting, Sculpture and Perspective
- The works of Francois Junius on ancient painting.
- Discourse on the lives and works of painters, by Felibien.
- Summary of the life of painters, by Depiles.
- Course on painting principles,by Depiles.
- The works of Abraham Bosse.
- History of art at the time of the ancients, by Winckelmann.
- The school of Uranie by Dufrenoy and Marsi, translation by M. de Querlon.
- The art of painting and poetry, by M. Watelet.
- Dictionary of painting; Essay on perspective, by Sgravesande.
- Perspectives by Sebastien Jeaurat, Deidier.
Comedy and Dance
- Thoughts on elocution, by L. Riccoboni.
- The art of theatre, by F. Riccoboni.
- The comedian, by Remond de Saint Albine.
- Garrick, or the English actors, by Sticotti.
- General history of sacred and profane dance, by M. Bonnet.
- Letters on dance, by Noverre.
- Historical treatise on dance, by Cahusac.
- Ballet, ancient and modern, by P. Menestrier.
- Representation in music by P. Menestrier.
- The study of mime and pantomime, by M. de Rivery.
- Aristotle, Demetrius de Phalere, Aphtone, Hermogenes and Longin are excellent authors of whom we have translations.
- Cicero and Quintilien, translated by Abbot Geodoyn.
- Among the moderns one can choose the treatise on study by M. Rollin, the course on polite literature by M. le Batteux, the dialogues on eloquence by M. de Fenelon, the treatise on tropes by Dumarfais, rhetorical speech by Crevier, the art of speaking by Pere Lami.
- Demosthenes, translated by M. de Tourreil.
- Philippiques de Demosthenes and Catilinaires de Cicero, by Abbot d'Olivet.
- The panegyric of Trajan by Pliny, translated by M. de Sacy.
- Funeral orations by Bossuet and Flechier.
- Sermons by Bourdaloue, Saurin, Massillon, Mascaron.
- The discourses of M. Daguesseau.
- Speeches for the defence, by Patru and Cochin.
- Diverse eulogies by M. Thomas.
- Discourse by J.J. Rousseau.
- The Vitruve by Perrault.
- Vignole & Palladio.
- Course on architecture by Blondel.
- Essay on architecture, by Abbot Laugier.
- Observations on architecture by Abbot Laugier.
- The ancient mythologues.
- Mythology by Noel Lecomte.
- The explanation of fables, by Abbot Banniere.
- History of heaven, by M. Pluche.
- History of folk idolotry by M. Dulignon.
- Dictionary of fables, by Chompre.
- Memoir of the academy of inscriptions.
- Science of medals, by Joubert.
- Treatise on grave stones, by Mariette.
- Dictionary of antiquities, by Montchablon.
- Collecting antiquities, by M. le Comte de Caylus.
Grammar and Lexicography (makers of dictionaries)
- Treatise on the mechanical formation of languages, by President de Brosses.
- The five grammarians of Port Royal, of which Lancelot is the author.
- French Synonyms, by Abbot Girard.
- The dictionaries of Richelet and the Academy.
- Prosody by Abbot d'Olivet.
- There are grammarians and dictionaries in every language which we won't bother detailing here.
- Essential grammars are those of Restaut and Vailly.
- Parallels, ancient and modern, by Perrault.
- Causes of the corruption of taste, by Madame Dacier.
- Reflections on criticism, by Lamotte.
- Apology of Homer, by Boivin.
- The reformed Parnasse school of French poetry, by Gueret.
Philology (those who cultivate several branches of literature)
- History of the French Academy, by Pelisson and Olivet.
- Five years of literature, by Clement.
Poligraphy (writers on various subjects)
- The works of Sarrafin, Abbot de S. Real, S. Evremont, Segrais, P. Brumoy, Lamotte, Marquise de Lambert, Abbot Gedoyn, Fontenelle, Voltaire, etc.
- Dialogues by Lucien.
- Conferences by Erasmus.
- The collections of Aristotle and Eugene, by Daucourt.
- Dialogues of the dead, by Fenelon.
- Those by Fontenelle.
- Those by Littleton (English).
Epistolary (Letter Writers)
- The letters of Pliny, Provinciales, Madame Sevigne, Muralt, Persannes, Milady Montagu.
- Homer, translation by Madame Dacier.
- Greek Theatre by P. Brumoy.
- The tragedies of Eschyle, translation by M. de Pompignan.
- Pluto and the swarms of Aristophenes, translation by Mlle. Lefevre (Madame Dacier).
- Two tragedies of Sophocles, by M. Dacier.
- Other tragedies of Sophocles, by M. Dupuy.
Pindare and eight Greek lyrics, by Henri-Etienne, in Latin.
- Theocritus, translation by M. de Longue-Pierre.
- Bion & Moschus, by M. de Longue-Pierre.
- Anacreon & Sapho, by Mlle. Lefevre.
- Plaute, translation by Limier.
- Terence, by Madame Dacier.
- Lucrece, by Lagrange.
- Virgil, by Abbot Desfontaines.
- The Georgiques, by M. Delisle.
- Lucain, by Brebeuf.
- Horace, by le Batteux.
- Juvenal, by M. Dufaulx.
- Clement Marot, la Fontaine, Mellin de S. Gelais, Chaulieu, Malherbe, Deshoulieres, Regnier, Rousseau, Chapelle & Bachaumont, Greffet, Voltaire, Boileau, Piron.
- Le Dante
- Boiardo, Roland amoureux, translation by le Sage.
- L'Arioste, Roland furieux, translation by Mirabaud.
- Le Tasse, Jerusalem delivered, translation by Mirabaud.
- Milton, Paradise Lost, translation by Racine.
- Pope, his poetry.
- Thompson, the seasons.
- Young, his Nights.
- Haller, his poems, translation by Grinun.
- Gesner, translation by Hubert.
- Selection of German Poems, by Hubert.
- Le Camouens, la Lusiade, epic poems.
- Saadi, the Gulistan, translation by Galand.
Corneille, Quinault, Racine, Moliere, Voltaire, Regnard, Crebillon, le Sage, Dufreny, S. Foix, Destouches, Greffet, Campistron, Piron, la Chaussee.
English Theatre, by M. Delaplace.
Similar, by Madame Riccoboni.
Metastase, Goldoni, Gherardi.
- Wehave the Greek novels of Parthenius, Heliodore, Longus, Theodore Prodromus, Eustathe, Xenophon, Achilles Tatius, and an anonymous one which recounts the romances of Chereas and Callirhoe. All these works are translated and most exist in the Library de Campagne, but the moderns are quite superior to the ancients in the genre of literature. However their dangerous principles, corrupting maxims, and licentious images of some romances shouldn't be entirely forbidden. There are better novels that we have in our own language.
- Treatise on the origin of novels, by M. Huet, head of the Zaide.
- Don Quichotte (Don Quixote) by Mich. Cerantes, translation by Lancelot.
- Astree, by Honnore Durfe.
- Tarsis & Zelie, by le Vayer de Boutigny.
- Telemaque, by Fenelon.
- Setos, by Terrasson.
- The voyages of Cyrus, by Ramsay.
- Almoran & Amet, by Prevost.
- Usong, by Haller.
- Zaide; The Princesse of Cleves, by Madame de la Fayette.
- Cleveland; The Doyen of Killerine; The story of a modern Greek, by Prevost.
- Pamela; Grandisson; Glarisse, by Richardson.
- Le Diable boiteux, Le Bachelier de Salamanque; Gilblas de Santillane, by le Sage.
- Tom Jones by Fielding; The English Orphan, translations by M. Delaplace.
- Le Paysan parvenu; Marianne, by Marivaux.
- Gulliver's Travels, by Doctor Swift.
- Letters of Catesby; Story of Jenny; Fanny Butler, by Madame Riccoboni.
- Letters of Marquis de Roselle, by Madame Elie de Baumont.
- Confessions of Comte de ..., by Duclos.
- The new Heloise, by J.J. Rousseau.
- Those who would like a detailed listing of novels before 1734 will find an ample catalogue in the public Library published by the Abbot l'Englet, under the name of Gordon de Percel.
- Method for studying history, by Abbot l'Englet. [Renowned for its immense catalogue of the historians of all nations which forms more than three-quarters of this work.]
- Discourse on universal history, by Bossuet.
- Universal history by a Society of people of letters, translated from the English.
- Letters on history by Mylord Bolimbroke.
- On the history of Jews: Suckford, Prideaux, Joseph, Basnage.
- Ancient history: Diodore de Sicile, Rollin.
- Roman history: Rollin, Laur Echard.
- History of the Occident and Constantinople, translation by P. Cousin.
- History of the lower empire, by M. Lebeau.
- History of France: Mezeray, Daniel, Veli, Villaret & Garnier.
- The journals of Henry III and Henry IV, by l'Etoile.
- La Satire Menippe.
- The memoirs of Comines, Juilly, Motteville, Mlle. Montpensier, Duke de la Rochefoucault, Cardinals of Retz, Nemours and Joly, are the ones that are most intriguing and pleasing which we have for our history.
- Lives of illustrious men of France, by Perraut, d'Auvigny & Turpin.
- History of the houses of Plantagenet, Stuart, Tudor, by Hume.
- History of Spain, by Mariana.
- History of Charles V, by Robertson.
- History of Venise, by Nani.
- History of the United Provinces [Holland], Leclerc, Basnage.
- History of Charles XII, King of Sweden, by Voltaire.
- The Revolutions in Rome, Sweden, Portugal, by Abbot de Vertot.
- History of Malta, by Abbot de Vertot.
- History of the Turks, by Chalcondyle.
- History of conspiracies, by Dutertre.
- History of Popes, by Platine.
- History of Statoulderat, by Abbot Raynal.
- History of the Celts, by Pelloutier.
- The discovery of West Indies, by Lait.
- The conquest of Mexico, by Solis.
- The conquest of Peru, by Zarate.
- History of the Incas, by Garcilasso, translation by Baudouin.
History of the Kings of France
- History of Charlemagne, by Labruere.
- History of St. Louis, by Joinville.
- History of Charles VII, by Baudot de Juilly.
- History of Louis XI, by Duclos.
- History of Francis I, by Gaillard.
- History of Henry II, by Abbot Lambert.
- History of Louis XIII, by Levassor.
- One must not lose sight of the fact that the ancients developed our models and guides in this genre. If we haven't mentioned Herodotus, Thucidides, Xenophon, Polybius, Denys of Halicarnassus, Tite-Live, Tacitus, Velleius Paterculus, Saluste, etc, it's because we seek less to inform than to provide a variety of tastes. When one's tastes are developed, there are a thousand ways to come to know the sources from which they were drawn.
- General history of the voyages of: Chardin, Tavernier, Tournefort, Admiral Anson, MM. de la Condamine & Bouguer, Dampiere, M. Poivre.
- Method of heraldry (blason), by P. Maison.
- The art of heraldry, by Colombiere.
- The origin of ornaments and arms.
- The practice of coats-of-arms, by Trudon.
- Dictionary of heraldry.
- Dictionary of commerce, by Savary Jr.
- The perfect businessman, by Savary.
- Library of young businessmen.
- Essay on the nature of commerce, by M. de Cantillon.
- Essay on commerce, by M. Melon.
Sample of Isaac's recommended books in his own handwriting.